IELTS Speaking Test Exercises – Pronunciation # Part 2 : Vowels | IELTS Eddy Suaib

IELTS Speaking Test Exercises – Pronunciation # Part 2 : Vowels

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Vowels
definition: The word vowel comes from the Latin word vocalis, meaning "speaking", because in most languages words and thus speech are not possible without vowels. In English, the word vowel is commonly used to mean both vowel sounds and the written symbols that represent them. (Wikipedia)
example:
i: | bit /bi:t/
I | build /bIld/
ʊ | should / ʃʊd/
u: | you /ju:/
e | many /ˈmeni/
ə | system /ˈsɪstəm/
ɜ: | service /ˈsɜ:vɪs/
ɔ: | also /ˈɔ:lsoʊ/
æ | that /ðæt/
ʌ | result /rIˈzʌlt/ | month /mʌnθ/
ɑ: | calm /kɑ:m/
ɒ | got /gɒt/
 

Watch this video for some samples of vowel sounds!

Diphtong
definition: A diphthong also known as a gliding vowel, refers to two adjacent vowel sounds occurring within the same syllable. Technically, a diphthong is a vowel with two different targets: That is, the tongue moves during the pronunciation of the vowel. In most dialects of English, the words eye, hay, boy, low, and cow contain diphthongs.  (Wikipedia)
example:
Iə | change /tʃeIndʒ/
eI | hear /hɪə(r)/
ʊə | pure /pjʊə/
ɔI | moist /mɔIst/
əʊ | boat /bəʊt/
eə | bear /be(ə)r/ | hair  /he(ə)r/ [American, -> in british english  most words with eə = ɜ]
ɑI | idea /aIˈdi:ə/
ɑʊ | town /tɑʊn/ [British, -> in american english pronunciation = /toun/]

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