How to Manage Data in Writing IELTS | IELTS Eddy Suaib

How to Manage Data in Writing IELTS

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Data is important in building paragraphs for describing the visual information. Nevertheless, its function is only for supporting ‘the big picture’ of visual information. Test taker must be careful in inserting the data, especially if it is related to number. Sometimes, test taker does not pay enough attention then makes a simple but fatal error such as writing “480 people were failed to get the expected driving license in USA in 2009”, when he or she should write “480 thousand people were failed to get the expected driving license in USA in 2009”.

The next thing to do with the data is looking at the biggest difference or highest improvement shown in the visual information. After finding it, test taker should present it first. This step gives a significant phase in telling about the visual information as the reader is able to grab what the paragraph tells by catching up ‘the major trend’.

Test taker should be sharp in transferring the data from the visual information into his or her writing. Some vocabularies might have ‘grammatical mistakes’ if it is roughly copied to the writing. For example, in the graph, test taker finds the word ‘non-smoking’ which refers to ‘non-smoking people’. Therefore, when test taker wants to write in the paragraph, he or she may not write “the number of non-smoking during the last ten years is increasing”. It should be written “the number of non-smoker during the last ten years is increasing”.

In describing data, test taker should care about the use of correct noun phrase. Sometimes, test taker finds it difficult to use the correct form of noun phrase that finally leads them to make more grammatical mistakes. Test taker could use the order for using noun phrase by putting determiner-opinion-size-age-color-origin-material-noun into the right order.

Reference: http://www.clearpointenglish.co.uk/describing%20graphs.htm

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