IELTS Writing Task 1: How to prepare for Task 1 | IELTS Eddy Suaib

IELTS Writing Task 1: How to prepare for Task 1

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This article describes how to prepare for Task 1. First, become familiar with the graph types, for example bar, and line graphs. Do lots of practice exercises in describing graphs. Practice identifying key information in graphs and charts. Practices working out what graph axes represent. Become familiar with a variety of ways to:
  • Express percentages,
  • Express numbers & statistical data,
  • Express the key points in a graph or describe trends,
  • Describe increase and decrease,
  • Make comparisons between data.
For example, ‘words to describe the degree of change’ – ‘slight’, ‘dramatic’, ‘significant’, and ‘moderate’.
Look at the language used for:
  • Describing charts (e.g. pie charts),
  • Describing tables,
  • Describing a process,
  • Describing how something works,
  • Describing and comparing objects,
  • Writing introductory sentences,
  • Making reference to graphs/figures.
Make sure you know how to use ‘sequencing expressions’ when describing a process. Think about the topics that could be used for this task. For example, for graphs and tables, information on births, crime, death, education, environment, heath, leisure, old age, populations, science and technology, transport, travel and tourism, work.
This task should be complete in 20 minutes. It is important that you are familiar with the language appropriate to the report writing generally and to each of the five types of report.
Guidelines for a good answer: ask yourself! Does report have a suitable structure? Does it have an introduction, body and conclusion? Does it include connective words to make the writing cohesive within sentences and paragraphs? Does it include suitable grammar and vocabulary? Does report meet the requirements of the task? Does it meet the word limit requirements? Take a little time to read the whole answer.
Reference: How to Prepare for IELTS Writing. City University of Hongkong: English Language Center.

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