IELTS Eddy Suaib: grammar handbook
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IELTS Reading (Serie 1)

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Most of students deal with difficulty in finishing the reading section on time. They feel that they have not enough time to complete the test. It happened because they have no sufficient skill to have effective and efficient reading activity. In IELTS reading section, there are four main skills that you need to master for smoothing your flow to complete this section.

The first skill is previewing. You can do some actions which are initiated by studying the passage from its title, heading, illustration, diagram, and any print in bold type or italics. Then, you can study key parts of the passage by skimming. You can start by read the first paragraph as usually it focuses on the main idea. Generally, the first sentence for each paragraph expresses the key points of the paragraph, while the concluding paragraph provides a summary of the passage. To make it easier for you, you could use a pen to highlight these ideas.

The second skill you need to master is interpreting the instructions and questions. It is important for you to read the instruction carefully to make sure that you are fully understand on what is required and in what form. It might seem ‘small’ but very determining to your score. Have a look at the following instruction.

Using no more than three words for each, identify TWO types of women that regularly experience discrimination when seeking private rental accommodation. Write the names of one group in boxes 6 and 7 on your answer sheet.

From the above example, you need to understand that using four or more words will not be acceptable. In some cases, many students know the right answer for the question. However, they make a mistake in picking the right for to express his or her answer. That makes them lose chance to add the score. So, it is true that understanding what is required is as important as finding right answer from the passage.

Source: IELTS to Success Preparation Tips and Practice Test by Eric van Bemmel and Janina Tucker (Melbourne: 1997)



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Cara membaca Cepat dan Lebih Baik

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Sebelumnya sudah dibahas tentang cara membaca cepat dan lebih baik dengan teknik meusatkan perhatian. Berikut teknik lain yang bisa anda coba.

Berhenti berbicara pada diri sendiri saat anda sedang membaca. Seseorang berbicara pada dirinya dalam 2 cara, yaitu:

  • Memvokalisasi, yaitu pergerakan bibir yang nyata saat anda membaca, dan
  • Subvokalisasi, yaitu berbicara pada diri sendiri dalam kepala anda sambil membaca dalam hati.

Keduanya bisa memperlambat anda tiba pada poin yang harus anda temukan sehingga anda tidak dapat membaca dengan lebih cepat ketimbang saat anda berbicara. Pidato adalah kegiatan yang relatif perlahan; bagi kebanyakan, kecepatan rata-rata berbicaranya adalah sekitar 250 kpm (kata per menit).

Membaca seharusnya menjadi suatu kegiatan yang hanya melibatkan mata dan otak. Vokalisasi mengaitkan membaca dengan berbicara langsung. Cobalah untuk memikirkan kegiatan membaca seperti saat anda sedang melihat suatu pemandangan, suatu panorama ide, ketimbang melihat bebatuan di bawah kaki anda.

Anda juga bisa membaca dalam kelompok pikiran. Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa saat kita membaca, mata kita harus berhenti sesaat di sepanjang baris. Pembaca yang buruk banyak melakukannya, lebih banyak hentian mata ketimbang pembaca yang baik. Hal ini tak hanya bisa memperlambat anda, tetapi juga menghalangi pemahaman karena makna lebih mudah diambil perkelompok kata ketimbang dari kata per kata atau bahkan huruf per huruf. Cobalah untuk membaca dalam frasa yang terdiri dari tiga atau empat kata. Terutama dalam klausa lengkap dan frasa preposisi. Pikiran anda bisa menginternalisasinya seolah frasa tersebut adalah satu kata yang memiliki makna besar.

Jangan terus membaca frasa yang sama. Pembaca yang buruk mempunyai kebiasaan membaca dan membaca ulang frasa yang sama lagi dan lagi. Kebiasaan membuat regresi waktu membaca dobel atau tripel ini dan seringkali tidak menghasilkan pemahaman yang lebih baik. Membaca dengan kehati-hatian dan peenuh perhatian tak akan cukup untuk benar-benar memahami, tetapi seringkali lebih efektif ketimbang regresi konstan di tengah bacaan. Sangatlah disarankan untuk memberikan perhatian lebih saat bacaan pertama. Lakukan pratinjau dulu sebelum membaca dengan teliti dan anda akan mengingat dengan lebih baik tanpa harus membaca ulang.

Terakhir, ada baiknya anda memvariasikan laju membaca anda untuk menyesuaikan kesulitan dan jenis teks. Pembaca yang buruk selalu membaca dengan laju yang sama perlahannya. Sedangkan seorang pembaca yang efisien mempercepat lajunya pada materi yang mudah dan memperlambat pada materi yang sulit. Beberapa hal tak akan bermakna jika dibaca terlalu cepat. Materi resmi dan teks yang sangat sulit sebaiknya dibaca perlahan. Materi yang lebih mudah dan majalah dan koran dapat dibaca dengan cepat. Puisi dan drama dibuat untuk ditampilkan, dan jika tidak diperagakan, maka setidaknya, dibaca lantang secara lisan. Hal ini tentu akan bertentangan dengan kecepatan metode membaca yang baik yang melarang vokalisasi. Tulisan religious dan kitab suci sesungguhnya ditulis untuk dibacakan dan didengarkan pada audiens yang tak hanya pintar tetapi juga mereka yang buta huruf. Yang menarik dari puisi, drama, atau doa tidaklah benar-benar anda alami jika anda “membaca cepat” teksnya.
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Who will pass this IELTS academic test

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Young people who committed serious crimes such as robbery or violent attacks should be punished as the same as adults.


How far do you agree or disagree?
Key words

1,Young people = under 18

2, adults = 18+

The question doesn't say young people means less than 18 (minors) but when you read the whole question, you will see it is the implicit meaning.

Your paragraph layout (possible):


Body -1 minor criminals vs adult criminals  ( show should they be punished equally or not with a cogent reason . YOU should compare both sides, not just one side)


Body 2 Minor criminals vs adult criminals  (same as above)




A wrong or failed attempt:


Body 1- adults


Body -2 , young people ( minors)


Result: You will lose task response  and coherence. If you do so, I am not surprised when the result is (5.5-6.0) Most likely it will be a 5.5. YOU should get a 7 in task response and coherence.
--->Most intermediate students score 7 in vocab and grammar. If they do not care about the other two criteria, they would end up with ( 5+5+7+7= 24/4=6).
--> Basic/beginners would score 6 in task and coherence. So, ( 5+5+6+6 =22/4=5.5)

If your analysis is totally irrelevant,then it would be a failure. Many students did not understand this question is about ' minors/ under 18 people'. They generally wrote something. Remember, the specific your answer with RELEVANT examples (justifying ones), the higher your score will be.


Do you know that there is no Book or guide for TASK RESPONSE and COHERENCE? You need an experienced tutor and Examiner. If you didn't care about those areas, then it is time to understand your IELTS writing requirements and learn it.

Here are some ways to achieve 7 or higher bands.


TASK+ COHERENCE +VOCAB+GRAMMAR (4 criteria)

Method 1:

5+5+9+9 = 28/4 = 7

This method only or mostly work with native speakers who at least got a higher education or equivalent. ESL students are not going to achieve this as they are going to make more 3 mistakes in Grammar and vocab. One of the keys to get 8+ band is make less than 3 mistakes in grammar and vocab. Find a grammarian then, lol! IELTS exam is a semi formal one so you can use pronouns and all. Do not worry about ' absolute statements' such as ' it is felt that' instead of ' I feel that'. In this case, candidates do not need to worry about task response and coherence. They can  miss the question parts but it can not be very tangential.


Method 2:


6+6+8+8 = 7 band. The same as I said above but bit more relaxed in grammar and vocab part. Besides, they need to include all the parts of the question  when they respond. THOUGH you do not have relevant examples, you can still achieve 6 in task and coherence.


Method 3:


7+7+7+7 = 7 (aka classical method):


Refer the band descriptor for 7 bands.

Similar methods are also available for 8 bands. This is how it works out.


For me, it is too hard to teach IELTS students as they believe in MYTHS (from online/colleges/tutors/students). IELTS is the most easiest exam but some people made it unachievable for the international students by teaching them wrong or false techniques that have nothing to do with the IELTS scoring.
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Secrets of IELTS 7+ (Academic or General)

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What is the difference between Ielts 7 and 8 band in writing ? 

Is it just memorizing rare vocabularies and using it forcefully? Nope! If so, it may not collocate well--usually called unnatural. This happens when a testee transliterate ideas directly from their own mother tongue to English. However, to resolves this dilemma, practice writing in English-English mode. In other words, students should create simple draft first in basic English, and then change it into a modified version.

In reality, Ielts 7 band ess@ys should have 3 minimum criteria. Firstly, sentence level --80% of sentences are error-free. Secondly, Ess@y level-- should have an academic ess@y level introduction and conclusion. Thirdly, Body level-- Should have an appropriate topic sentence, supporting sentences (relevant example) and a concluding sentence.

1,Sentence level: Majority of sentences should be error-free, which needs supervision because if you self-analyse your level,then you will compromise it. As long as one has erroneous sentences, 7 band will be quite difficult. Even your article or preposition may be enough to make your sentence error; however, it does not mean those are the only one errors that one needs to focus upon.

---In fact, I have heard many myths of changing the location of exam center or blaming it all on examiners. However, have you ever tried to analyse your own written ess@y instead of blaming a standardized service? Ielts examiners rarely make mistakes except reading your illegible hand writings. Mostly, once the score has been established,it will not change at all. So, your beef is not going to get solved in that way.


What about good or intellectual ideas?

In fact, Ielts writing exam criteria never stipulates the quality ( or qualia) of your ideas,but you need a relevant idea. Therefore, this claim is also nonsensical. Unless one researches the criteria,it is difficult to score in the Ielts tests. However, there may be a few ones achieved due to their natural grammar capacity ( error-free sentences).


Do you think some idioms or phrases will help you in the Ielts exam?

These are all so called "memorized chunks" as it has no relation to the topic, but refers as "padding or fluffing". One should avoid those common pitfalls, and ignore those lessons as it hampers Ielts writing score (strictly formal). If all words are formal and there is no difference in marking, but one should avoid informal words in the ess@ys such as 'get' (use obtain or achieve). Remember, words such as obtain or achieve or any other rare 'high frequency" words have no extra score. The emphasis is upon how accurately the testee used it than simply fitted in a sentence. Hence, do not waste time for memorizing vocabularies, but learn its usages.


Well, I cannot include everything what you need to know for sure. It normally takes 2-3 weeks of study to change a 0.5 to 1 band in writing or reading. However, it only takes 3-7 days for speaking (0.5 to 1.5) regardless of your knowledge. Yes, I have ample of recent evidences for the above mentioned progress.

Ielts 7+ or 8 band needs more sentence structures and accuracy in vocabulary usages. Most of the Ielts 8 band ess@ys do not have 'high frequency' vocabularies as you assumed so far, but accurate usage of vocabularies. For example, 'comprehend' the situation-- here, the accurate verb is understand or analyse the situation instead of 'comprehend'. By and large, IELTS every IELTS (academic or general) students need to learn prescriptive grammar.
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IELTS Writing (Sentence combining skills are important)

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In order to score 7 or 8 band in Ielts writing sub-test, every aspirant should have variety of sentence structures. If your sentence structures are formulaic(repetitive),you will lose marks in coherence and grammar criteria. Here are some examples that contains simplified and its modified version.So, you can not only see some simple structures,but also its generative forms. However, these exercises should be practised only after the basic grammar practices. Even though you have no grammar mistakes, your whole band score depends on your sentence structures, but it needs perfection,especially comma or punctuation rules. 

1,The national speed limit was repealed.
Road accidents have increased sharply.

The national speed limit was repealed, and road accidents have increased sharply.

Every year thousands of salmon swim up the stream near my house. I have scarcely ever seen one.
Every year thousands of salmon swim up the stream near my house, yet I have scarcely ever seen one.

2,My ipod fell apart after a few weeks.  My ipod cost over $300.
My ipod player, which cost over $200, fell apart after a few weeks.

3,Their garden is near here. It looks beautiful.
Their garden, which is near here, looks beautiful.

4,A mouse darted.  It darted across the salad bar.  This happened during the luncheon.
During the luncheon, a mouse darted across the salad bar.

5,Monroe and I strolled through the graveyard. The graveyard is the most peaceful spot in town.
Monroe and I strolled through the graveyard, the most peaceful spot in town.


6, Ed and the little man climbed the stairs together. Each was lost in his own strange world.

    Ed and the little man climbed the stairs together, each lost in his own strange world.

7, I took small sips from a can of Coke. I was sitting on the ground in a shady corner.
I was sitting with my back against the wall.
Sitting on the ground in a shady corner with my back against the wall, I took small sips from a can of Coke.

8, What does the American value?  The American does not value the possession of money as such.  The American values his power to make money as a proof of his manhood.

What an American values is not the possession of money as such, but his power to make it as a proof of his manhood.

9, I like to go paining. I have not had the time to go lately. I have not found anyone to go with.
Although I like to go camping, I haven't had the time to go lately, and I haven't found anyone to go with.

These above mentioned 9 sentences are just a part of sentence combining skill introduction.
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Top 10 Myths about taking the IELTS exam

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IELTS Myths:
As a teacher, I hear many strange things about IELTS. Here is my top 10 list of IELTS myths.  These myths are all false, so don’t let these ideas or stories about IELTS disrupt your practice and preparation for the test! 

Non-native speakers can’t get a band 9 on IELTS: 
Many students have said this to me - that it’s impossible for a non-native speaker to get a band 9. Of course, this just isn’t true. The test is based on how good your English is, not where you come from. The band 9 rating is described by IELTS as ‘expert user’. It’s perfectly possible for people who are non-native speakers and who are excellent speakers of English to get a band 9. Not only that, but the opposite is true too. Not all native speakers can get a band 9, even on speaking!  

I have to keep practising tests to improve my score: 
This is a big myth but a very common one. IELTS is a test of English, not a test to test how well you know the test! The only way to improve your score, once you are familiar with the test, is to improve your English in all 4 macro-skills: listening, reading, writing and speaking. Doing more and more tests doesn’t really help you to improve. It just fills your head with answers. I know students who know all the answers to certain listening tests and can get 39 out of 40 but this doesn’t help their listening and on the real test they may only score 24 or 25 out of 40. Listening intensively to a variety of things - conversations, radio, news or even songs is the answer to improving your listening. Practise your listening micro-skills by going to the free practice exercise links on this page .

I need to learn long lists of vocabulary to be successful:
Of course vocabulary is important for IELTS to get a good score but you don’t need to learn long lists. You need to be familiar with words in all their forms and be able to use them accurately and appropriately. This is far more important than knowing a long list. Knowing a good variety of words and using them well and correctly will be enough for most people to get the score they need. Common topics in IELTS include education, environment and culture. Look at IELTS course books which will give you a good idea of what kind of words you need.


They make the IELTS test too hard so overseas students can’t get into university:

The IELTS test is an independent test of English used by governments and educational institutions to get information about a person’s English level. The governments and colleges or universities set the level themselves independently so that is why different universities have different IELTS test score requirements. IELTS is not connected with them in any way and has no influence on what band scores are required for different tasks or institutions. 

If I don’t understand the examiner in the speaking test, I will get a low band:

The speaking test is only about your speaking proficiency and listening is tested in the listening test. If you don’t understand what the examiner says, ask them to repeat or ask the meaning of a word. The speaking test only measures speaking proficiency, not listening.

Grammar is not important in the IELTS:

It is true that grammar does not have a separate test in IELTS but of course it is still very important. You will need grammar for all the skills and it is specifically part of the assessment in both writing and speaking (25%). In reading and listening your knowledge of grammar can help you write in the correct word form in an answer so it is necessary throughout the test.

If I take the test in my country, I will get a better score:

You may get a better score in your country if you take the IELTS test there, but this will more likely be due to the fact that you may feel more comfortable in familiar surroundings in your home town, rather than the test itself. All tests on the same day are the same everywhere in the world so the test itself is not any easier and is the same one you would have taken if you had taken the test overseas. IELTS examiners are highly trained to be reliable markers, so your score should be the same. If you are feeling a little more relaxed in your home town, you could get a better score, but this is a factor which affects you and your performance in the test. The test is not easier.

The examiner is looking at the clock in the speaking test so I must be very boring:

This cannot possibly be true! The examiner has to keep to strict times so is looking at the clock to make sure he or she is within those times. Please don’t worry about those things.

There will be certain question types at certain times of the year for the writing:

I heard this myth recently, where students were saying that a certain task comes up in May or June! IELTS would not be so predictable as to have certain task types on a given month of the year. Just prepare all your task types for the writing as normal.

Examiners at some centres are stricter than others in another centre:

All examiners go through careful training and retraining throughout their examiner life. If they are too strict someone will notice! It’s not the examiner, but more likely your performance on the day just wasn’t as good as on a previous occasion or in class, due to nerves or illness or something similar. It is hard, I’m sure you’ll agree, to tell how well you did in an exam! Sometimes you think you did a good job, but in fact it wasn’t so good.

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Grammar.

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Just say the word and shivers of aversion travel down the spines of all within hearing distance. Nouns and verbs? Adjectives and adverbs? Is it really necessary to be aware of all these things in order to write a paragraph? Will the reader not be able to work around the tiniest little typo? No. Or, rather, they shouldn’t have to. The reader’s job is to absorb the information: it’s the writer’s job to do the rest of the work.

Why do we bother with grammar? Why not just communicate with words? Because you can’t have one without the other. Letters are put together to make words, words are put together to make sentences, and grammar is the glue that holds it all together. If you don’t use the glue properly – or if you use the wrong glue – all it'll falls well then a parts. Obviously, grammar is entirely necessary, or else you’d be able to understand the last part of that sentence. While most writers are not likely to write anything as catastrophic as that, it’s clear that attention to grammar is important. (It’s okay, though: you don’t have to like the grammar.)
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Menyebutkan Perbedaan Formal dan Informal

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Jika anda sedang mempersiapkan modul untul IELTS Academic, baik Task 1 ataupun Task 2 dalam tes Writing adalah formal. Bagi kandidat General Training, task 2 dalam tes Writing selalu formal, dan Task 1 bisa formal atau informal.

Seperti yang telah diketahui, Task 1 untuk modul GT adalah surat, dan jika topiknya meminta anda menulis surat pada seseorang yang anda kenal, maka surat tersebut dalam bentuk informal – dan sebaliknya jika ditujukan pada seseorang yang tidak anda kenal, maka sebaiknya formal.

Perbedaan antara gaya formal dan informal lebih pada kosakata. Kata-kata informal adalah yang digunakan dalam percakapan sehari-hari dan formal adalah yang biasa digunakan dalam buku, kontrak, surat bisnis dan essai. Jika tugasnya meminta penulisan formal – hindari penggunaan kosakata informal. Jika tugasnya meminta penulisan informal, seperti surat untuk teman, hindari penggunaan kata-kata formal yang “berat”.

Terlepas dari kosakata dalam penulisan informal sangatlah baik menghindari kata-kata seperti “I”, “you”, “we”, kecuali anda mengungkapkan sebuah pendapat. Misalnya dalam sebuah essai ketimbang menulis “You would find it difficult to get a job without proper qualifications”, tulislah sesuatu seperti “One would find it difficult to find a job without proper qualifications”, atau anda dapat menulis “Finding a job without proper qualifications would be rather difficult”.

Bagi anda yang tidak tinggal di Negara berbahasa Inggris dan tidak berbicara bahasa Inggris dalam keseharian akan sulit menyebutkan perbedaan antara kosakata formal dan informal, yang dapat anda temukan pada daftar berikut. Anda dapat menghapalnya dan menggunakannya dalam tulisan anda sambil berlatih – dengan demikian kemungkinan anda menggunakan kata yang tepat dalam tes yang sebenarnya dapat meningkat.



FormalInformal
Inform meLet me know
CancelDrop
ContactGet in touch
ObtainGet
ApologiseSay sorry
PostponeDelay
RequestAsk for
CompensateMake up
EstablishSet up
DiscoverFind out
HandleDeal with
InvestigateCheck up on
ToleratePut up
IncreaseGo up
ChildrenKids
Many / MuchA lot of
Many / MuchHeaps of




Catatan Penting: memahami dengan tepat penggunaan bahasa formal dan informal akan lebih mempermudah anda dalam meraih nilai lebih pada sesi writing dan speaking.

IELTS Kampung Inggris
Belajar IELTS
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Menuliskan Alamat dalam Surat Bisnis

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Ada beberapa hal yang sebaiknya anda ketahui tentang cara menuliskan alamat dalam surat bisnis berbahasa Inggris. Jangan menuliskan alamat anda jika anda menggunakan kertas dengan alam pengirim yang sudah tercetak di atasnya. Jika anda menuliskan alamat asli anda, cukup tuliskan: nomor rumah, nama jalan, kode pos, tempat, negara, nomor telepon. (jangan sertakan nama anda di sini; dalam bahasa Inggris nama hanya ditulis di akhir surat.)

Catatan: urutan alamat pengirim dalam bahasa Inggris adalah: nomor rumah, nama jalan, kode pos, tempat. Jika urutannya berbeda dalam kebudayaan anda, tetaplah pada urutan yang digunakan di negara anda, jangan mengadopsi cara di negara Inggris

Bahasa Inggris – British
Posisi: dalam bahasa Inggris – British, alamat pengirim biasanya ditempatkan di ujung kanan atas surat



Bahasa Inggris - Amerika
Posisi: dalam bahasa Inggris – Amerika alamat pengirim biasanya ditempatkan di ujung kiri atas, di bawah tanggal, atau di akhir surat, di bawah tanda tangan.

Alamat pengirim di bawah tanggal:





Alamat pengirim di bawah tanda tangan:
  

IELTS Kampung Inggris Pare
Belajar IELTS
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